6 Basic Air Conditioning Components You Should Know

As temperatures rise during the spring and summer months, you’re going to need to know your way around your home’s air conditioning system. Understanding what components to look for if you hear weird noises or experience general issues is an integral part of keeping things (including your head) cool all summer long.

6 Basic Air Conditioning Components You Should Know

The six main air conditioning components that homeowners should be aware of are the thermostat, air blowing unit, air filter evaporator, condenser coil, and compressor.

Six main components of your air conditioning system

1. Thermostat

The most commonly known component of an air conditioning system, the thermostat helps you regulate how cool you want your home to be. Depending on the make or model of your air conditioner, you should be able to set your desired temperature manually or automatically. You can even upgrade to a smart thermostat that you can control with your phone!

2. Air Filter

The air filter is usually found attached to the air handler unit of the AC. The filter catches dirt, dust, and other small debris to protect the internal component of the air conditioning and improve air quality in your home. It’s important to replace your air filter based on the recommended schedule, as a clogged filter can add wear and tear to your equipment.

3. Blower

The blower is part of the air handler unit and pushes air over the evaporator, where the air is cooled. The blower then sends the cooled air through the ductwork to different areas of the home.

4. Evaporator

Usually located near the furnace (but could be in a separate indoor unit), the evaporator has one of the more cyclic, complex functions that keep your air conditioner going. Inside the evaporator coils is refrigerant. Through the process of heat transfer, the refrigerant captures heat from the air and is then pumped to the condenser coils, where the heat is released. Back inside, the air (now cooler from the heat being removed) continues through the AC system.

5. Condenser coil

The condenser coils are where the refrigerant releases heat outside the home. This component works to cool down any high-pressure gas and turns it into a liquid, getting it ready for your air conditioner’s evaporator.

6. Compressor

If your air conditioner is a car, the compressor would be the engine. The compressor functions together with refrigerant to convert low-pressure gas into high-pressure gas. This high-pressured gas then makes its way out of the compressor and into the condenser coil.

Air conditioning technicians in the Fredericksburg area

Those are the six main components of your air conditioning system with which you should be familiar. Now, if you suspect there’s an issue with your AC, you’ll be in a better position to identify the source. Of course, if you experience any serious problems with your cooling system, be sure to call the helpful team at Robert B. Payne, Inc. Whether you need maintenance or repairs for your air conditioning, we’re here to help. Schedule an appointment today at 540-373-5876.